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Essential Tips for First-Time Travelers to Japan 2024

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Planning your first trip to Japan can be both exciting and overwhelming. This comprehensive guide will help you navigate the essentials, ensuring a smooth and enjoyable experience in this fascinating country.

Planning Your Trip

Best Time to Visit: Japan has four distinct seasons, each offering unique experiences. Spring (March to May) is popular for cherry blossoms, while autumn (September to November) showcases stunning fall foliage. Summer (June to August) brings festivals and warm weather, though it can be humid. Winter (December to February) is perfect for enjoying hot springs and winter sports. We recently visited in early May and the temperatures ranged from uncomfortably warm/humid during the day to very chilly/windy in the evening. Of course, it depends on what part of Japan you are in so always check the weather forecast for each city before your trip and pack layers (see below)… better yet, leave room in your luggage for shopping!

Visa Requirements: As of May 2024, most travelers can enter Japan for short stays (up to 90 days) without a visa. However, it’s essential to check the specific requirements for your own country. Ensure your passport is valid for the duration of your stay and consider applying for a tourist visa if necessary. For our fellow Americans, visit the U.S. Department of State website for the latest information regarding Japan travel requirements, travel advisories, U.S. Embassy contacts, etc. We also highly encourage at least one person in your travel group to sign up for the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in the event of an emergency. This link comes directly from the U.S. Department of State website so you know it’s legit.

Travel Insurance: Travel insurance is crucial for any trip abroad. It should cover medical emergencies, trip cancellations, lost luggage, and any activities you plan to engage in, such as skiing or hiking. Compare policies to find one that suits your needs.

Getting Around

Transportation Options: Japan’s transportation system is world-renowned for its efficiency and reliability. Comparing Japan’s system to that of the U.S., we can personally vouch for this! The Japan Rail Pass is an excellent option for tourists, offering unlimited travel on JR trains, including the Shinkansen (bullet train), for a fixed period. Local trains, buses, and taxis are also widely available. Keep in mind, prices for the JR Rail pass recently increased so it may or may not make sense to get. For our 2 week trip, we did not get the JR Rail pass and just bought tickets as we went.

Navigating Public Transport: Japan’s public transport can be complex but manageable with a bit of preparation. Stations and trains are well-marked in English. Apps like Hyperdia or Google Maps are invaluable for planning routes and schedules.

Tips for Walking and Biking: Cities like Tokyo and Kyoto are very walkable, and biking is a great way to explore. Many cities offer bike rentals, and there are dedicated cycling paths in some areas. Always respect local traffic rules and park bikes in designated areas.


Types of Lodging: Japan offers a wide range of accommodation options. Hotels and hostels are common, with capsule hotels providing a unique, budget-friendly experience. Traditional ryokan inns offer a chance to experience Japanese hospitality and culture, complete with tatami rooms and communal or private baths.

Booking Tips: Popular booking platforms like Booking.com, Agoda, and Airbnb are reliable for finding accommodation. Book early, especially during peak travel seasons, to secure the best rates and locations.

Cultural Etiquette

Do’s and Don’ts: Respect for others and public spaces is paramount in Japan. Here are some key etiquette tips:

  • Always remove your shoes when entering someone’s home or certain traditional accommodations.
  • Be quiet on public transport.
  • Be aware of seating that are reserved for the elderly, people with disabilities, and pregnant women.
  • Don’t point or make loud gestures.
  • Dispose of trash properly, as public trash bins are rare. It’s best to have a bag to hold onto your trash.

Social Etiquette: When interacting with locals, a polite bow is a common greeting. It’s customary to say “itadakimasu” before eating and “gochisousama” after a meal. Use both hands when giving or receiving items, especially business cards.

Language Basics

Key Phrases: Learning a few basic Japanese phrases can go a long way. Here are some essentials:

  • Hello: Konnichiwa
  • Thank you: Arigatou gozaimasu
  • Excuse me/Sorry: Sumimasen
  • Yes: Hai
  • No: Iie

Helpful Apps: Download apps like Google Translate, which has a camera function for translating text instantly. Apps like Duolingo can help you learn basic phrases before your trip.

Money Matters

Currency and Payments: Japan uses the yen. While credit cards are increasingly accepted, cash is still king. We almost learned this the hard way when we took a day trip to the small city of Ito – we had enough cash to take a taxi from the local train station to our destination but then didn’t have enough cash to take the taxi back (the taxi was cash only)! We ended up having to walk to the nearest local bus stop where they did accept Suica. ATMs at convenience stores like 7-Eleven and FamilyMart accept foreign cards.

Budgeting Tips: Japan can be expensive, but budget travel is possible. Opt for budget accommodations, eat at local markets and convenience stores, and use public transport. Many attractions are free or inexpensive.

Must-See Destinations

Top Cities and Attractions:

  • Tokyo: Explore bustling districts like Shibuya and Shinjuku, visit historic temples like Sensoji, and enjoy panoramic views from Tokyo Tower. This is the NYC of Japan in our opinion – if fast-paced city vibes are your thing, then Tokyo is a must-see.
  • Kyoto: Discover the beauty of Kinkaku-ji (Golden Pavilion), stroll through the Arashiyama Bamboo Grove, check out the beautiful traditional architecture in Gion, and experience traditional tea ceremonies.
  • Osaka: Known for its food culture, don’t miss Dotonbori for street food, and visit Osaka Castle.
  • Hokkaido: Perfect for nature lovers, with national parks, hot springs, and winter sports in places like Niseko.
  • Okinawa: Relax on beautiful beaches, go diving, and explore the unique Ryukyu culture.

Hidden Gems:

  • Kanazawa: Known for its well-preserved Edo-period districts, art museums, and Kenrokuen Garden.
  • Nara: Visit the giant Buddha at Todai-ji Temple and feed the friendly deer in Nara Park. We made this a day trip from Kyoto but it is also beautiful at night if you have time to stay here longer.
  • Hiroshima: Reflect at the Peace Memorial Park and explore nearby Miyajima Island.

Food and Dining

Japanese Cuisine: Japan offers a rich culinary experience. Try sushi, ramen, tempura, and more. Each region has its specialties, so be adventurous.

Eating Out: Look for izakayas (Japanese pubs) for casual dining. Street food is also a must-try, with popular items like takoyaki (octopus balls) and okonomiyaki (savory pancakes).

Dietary Restrictions: While vegetarian and vegan options are limited, they are becoming more available. Research and plan ahead, and learn key phrases to communicate your dietary needs.

Packing Essentials

What to Pack:

  • Comfortable walking shoes
  • Lightweight clothing for summer, and layers for winter
  • A small bag for day trips
  • Travel adapters and portable chargers. Luckily, most U.S. electronics can be used in Japan without an adaptor.
  • Basic toiletries (though most hotels provide them)

Travel Gadgets: Consider a portable Wi-Fi device or SIM card to stay connected. A power bank, noise-canceling headphones, and a compact camera can also enhance your travel experience.

Staying Connected

SIM Cards and Pocket Wi-Fi: Staying connected is essential for navigation and communication. Consider renting a pocket Wi-Fi device or purchasing a SIM card upon arrival. These can be found at major airports and electronic stores.

Essential Apps: Download travel apps like Hyperdia for train schedules, Google Maps for navigation, and Google Translate for language assistance. Line is a popular messaging app in Japan, useful for staying in touch with new friends or local contacts.

With these essential tips, you’ll be well-prepared for your first trip to Japan. Enjoy the journey, embrace the culture, and make unforgettable memories in this beautiful country. Safe travels!

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